On this day, July 12 …1984: Democratic presidential candidate Walter Mondale announces he has chosen U.S. Rep. Geraldine A. Ferraro of New York to be his running mate, making Ferraro the first woman to run for vice president on a major-party ticket.Also on this day:1817: Author and poet Henry David Thoreau is born in Concord, Mass.1862: President Abraham Lincoln signs a bill authorizing the Army Medal of Honor.1909: The House of Representatives joins the Senate in passing the 16th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, allowing for a federal income tax, and submits it to the states. (It would be declared ratified in February 1913.)
On this day, July 8 …1947: The Roswell Daily Record, a New Mexico newspaper, quotes officials at Roswell Army Air Field as saying they had recovered a “flying saucer” that crashed onto a ranch; officials then say it was actually a weather balloon. (To this day, there are those who believe what fell to Earth was an alien spaceship carrying extraterrestrial beings.)Also on this day:1776: Col. John Nixon gives the first public reading of the Declaration of Independence, outside the State House (now Independence Hall) in Philadelphia.1796: The first American passport is issued.1889: The first issue of The Wall Street Journal is published.1947: Demolition work begins in New York City to make way for the new permanent headquarters of the United Nations.
Gen. Douglas MacArthur (left) and President Truman.
(Associated Press, File)1950: President Harry S Truman names Gen. Douglas MacArthur commander-in-chief of United Nations forces in Korea. (Truman would fire MacArthur for insubordination nine months later.)1972: The Nixon administration announces a deal to sell $750 million in grain to the Soviet Union. (However, the Soviets also were engaged in buying subsidized American grain in secret, resulting in what critics dubbed “The Great Grain Robbery.”)1975: President Gerald R. Ford announces he would seek a second term in office.1994: Kim Il Sung, North Korea’s communist leader since 1948, dies at age 82.2011: Former first lady Betty Ford dies in Rancho Mirage, California, at age 93.2011: Atlantis thunders into orbit on a cargo run that would close out the three-decade U.S. space shuttle program.2014: President Barack Obama appeals to Congress for $3.7 billion in emergency spending to deal with the immigration crisis on the nation’s southern border, where unaccompanied children are showing up by the thousands (Republican lawmakers reject the request).2015: A technical glitch causes the New York Stock Exchange to stop trading for nearly four hours.2017: After their first face-to-face meeting, Russian President Vladimir Putin says he thinks President Donald Trump believes his denials of Russian meddling in the U.S. presidential vote.2019: A 1-year-old girl apparently slips from her grandfather’s hands and falls to her death from the 11th floor of a cruise ship docked in Puerto Rico, police say.
On this day, June 7 …1981: President Ronald Reagan announces he is nominating Arizona Judge Sandra Day O’Connor to become the first female justice on the U.S. Supreme Court.Also on this day:1865: Four people are hanged in Washington, D.C. for conspiring with John Wilkes Booth to assassinate President Abraham Lincoln: Lewis Powell (aka Lewis Payne), David Herold, George Atzerodt and Mary Surratt, the first woman to be executed by the federal government.1948: Six female U.S. Navy reservists become the first women to be sworn in to the regular Navy.1954: Elvis Presley makes his radio debut as Memphis, Tenn., station WHBQ plays his first recording for Sun Records, “That’s All Right.”1975: The daytime drama “Ryan’s Hope” premieres on ABC-TV.1976: The United States Military Academy at West Point includes female cadets for the first time as 119 women join the Class of 1980.
Anne Frank, German Jew who emigrated with her family to the Netherlands during the Nazi period. Separated from the rest of her family, she and her sister died of typhoid fever in the concentration camp Bergen-Belsen – Portrait with hadwritten comment, dated (Photo by ullstein bild/ullstein bild via Getty Images)
On this day, July 5 … 1947: Larry Doby debuts with the Cleveland Indians, becoming the first Black player in the American League, three months after Jackie Robinson broke the color barrier in the National League. Also on this day: 1865: The Secret Service division of the U.S. Treasury Department is founded in Washington, D.C., […]
On this day, July 4 …1776: The Declaration of Independence is adopted by delegates to the Second Continental Congress in Philadelphia.Also on this day:
On this day, July 2 … 1937: Aviator Amelia Earhart and navigator Fred Noonan disappear over the Pacific Ocean while attempting to make the first round-the-world flight along the equator.Also on this day:
President James Garfield.
(AP, File)1881: President James A. Garfield is shot by Charles J. Guiteau at the Washington railroad station; Garfield would die the following September. (Guiteau would be hanged in June 1882.)1890: Congress passes the Sherman Antitrust Act.1892: The Populist Party (also known as the People’s Party) opens its first national convention in Omaha, Neb.1917: Rioting erupts in East St. Louis, Ill., as White mobs attack Black residents. Nearly 50 people, most of them Black, are believed to have died in the violence.